Girija Hospital & Fertility CenterAzad nagar, near Gujarat Colony, Kothrud, Pune
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Hysterectomy is the removal of the womb either due to structural changes or functional abnormalities.
Womb is called the “Uterus” in medical terms and is situated in the lower part of the woman’s body. In its usual position and size, it is not felt either through one’s tummy nor through the vaginal opening.
It’s main function is to help embryo (early fetus) and the placenta (structure attached to womb to nourish the baby) to grow and be sheltered inside it, till the baby is mature enough to exist independently after birth.
The structure of this uterus therefore is conducive to this primary function it has to perform. Thus it consists of a muscle wall and a special lining called the endometrium. Both these components are responsive to the reproductive hormones released by the ovary and have specific functions to perform such as nurturing of the baby, formation of the placenta and then expulsion of the baby at birth. The muscle is a special smooth muscle which has the capacity to contract and tighten during menstruation to expel the menstrual blood and during delivery to expel the baby and the placenta. This helps in emptying of the womb and control of bleeding. The lining is a special hormone sensitive tissue which prepares itself to accept the embryo. In absence of formation of the embryo the lining is shed off and is called menstruation.
There are many emergency or non emergency reasons for which the uterus is removed.
Emergency reasons :
Dr. Girija Wagh, MD (Obstetrics & Gynaecology), FICOG, FICP, Diploma (Endoscopy, Infertility), Fellowship of Indian College of Ob-Gynec, Women health care specialist, Academician, Acclaimed Orator & Researcher, B. J. Medical 1990-1992, Topper University Of Pune 1992
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